Madagascar Team

 
Background

In 2010, through a partnership with the Madagascar Biodiversity Partnership, the students of EWB-NU were introduced to the people of Kinajavato, Madagascar. Kianjavato is a rural commune in the south eastern region of Madagascar and is home to more than 10,000 people. When we met with the community, one of their biggest concerns was electrification. 

The Need

Kianjavato is many miles from the nearest power grid. There is no central electricity, and the homes that do have solar panels have barely enough power for a lamp and a single smartphone. Providing electricity was cited by the people of Kianjavato as a priority during our assessment trip in May 2010. The best place to begin was providing electricity to power lights in schools. Madagascar is one of the poorest nations; the average income is less than $1 per day. Currently electricity is supplied by a few gas generators. With gas at $6/gallon in Madagascar, power is essentially non-existent in Kianjavato.

Our Progress
Our chapter has been working with parents, students, and the local government since 2011 to address the power issue by developing plans to install small solar power systems at schools to provide power for lights and computers. In May 2012, out team installed a solar power system for lights in one classroom at the main primary school in Kianjavato. This system is used for evening classes for students studying for the examinations, as well as for adult literacy classes. Our plan is to continue with these installations until all of the schools in Kianjavato have at least one classroom with lights. As we work through these multiple installations, we monitor previously installed systems and use the information to improve our designs and implementations. The challenges of developing this project have been immense, but we are committed to giving the people of Kianjavato not only the systems they desire, but also the expertise to continue to develop these systems on their own. 
 
 Madagascar Facts
  • Located off the southeast coast of Africa
  • World's fourth largest island
  • About 3 times bigger than Nebraska
  • Over 26 million people live there; more than half of them are younger than 18 years old
  • 77% of households live below the poverty level
  • 75% of the population lives on less than $1.90 per day
  • Only 13% of the population has access to electricity 
  • 80% of the animals and plants on Madagascar live nowhere else
  • 90% of the original forest has been destroyed

The solar power travel team and community members installg solar panels at a school in Kianjavato, Madagascar (May 2012).